Non-Transparent TCP Tunneling

When non-transparent TCP tunneling is used, the application to be tunneled is set to connect to the local listener port instead of connecting to the server directly. Tectia client tools for z/OS forwards the connection securely to the remote server.

Simple local tunnel

Figure 7.2. Simple local tunnel

If you have three hosts, for example, sshclient, sshserver, and imapserver, and you forward the traffic coming to the sshclient's port 143 to the imapserver's port 143, only the connection between the sshclient and sshserver will be secured. The command you use would be similar to the following one:

sshclient$ sshg3 -L 143:imapserver:143 username@sshserver

Figure 7.3 shows an example where the Secure Shell server resides in the DMZ network. Connection is encrypted from the Secure Shell client to the Secure Shell server and continues unencrypted in the corporate network to the IMAP server.

Local tunnel to an IMAP server

Figure 7.3. Local tunnel to an IMAP server

Tunnels can also be defined for connection profiles in the Connection Broker configuration file. The defined tunnels are opened automatically when a connection with the profile is made. The following is an example from a ssh-broker-config.xml file:

<profile id="id1" host="">
    <local-tunnel type="tcp"
                  allow-relay="no" />

By default, local tunnels originating only from the client host itself are allowed. To allow also other machines to connect to the tunnel listener port, set the allow-relay to yes.

Automatic Tunnels

Automatic tunnels are one way of creating non-transparent local tunnels for application connections.

Automatic tunnels always use a connection profile in the tunnel establishing. You can create listeners for local tunnels that will be activated automatically when the Connection Broker starts up. The actual tunnel will be formed the first time a connection is made to the listener port. If the connection to the server is not open at that time, it will be opened automatically as well.

In the Connection Broker configuration file, make the following kind of settings:

  <tunnel type="tcp"
          allow-relay = "no"
          profile="id1" />

Examples of Local Tunneling

When sshg3 is used to create secure tunnels using local port forwarding, the TCP applications to be tunneled are configured to connect to a localhost port instead of the application server port.

Example application, clientapp1, by default connects to a Unix server using TCP port 2345.

$ clientapp1 --username user1 --server --port 2345

For securing this TCP application using Secure Shell, use the following commands:

$ sshg3 -L 2345:localhost:2345 -S -f &
$ clientapp1 --username user1 --server localhost --port 2345

The above sshg3 command connects to remote Secure Shell server, creates a local listener on port 2345, instructs the remote Secure Shell server to forward the incoming traffic to localhost:2345, and goes to background in single-shot-mode.